”Hvad må vi så gøre?”: Repetitive spørgsmål og adfærdsregulerende responser i interaktion med en person med demens


  • Elisabeth Muth Andersen Syddansk Universitet
  • Gitte Rasmussen Syddansk Universitet
  • Elisabeth Dalby Kristiansen Syddansk Universitet




demens, atypisk interaktion, konversationsanalyse, gentagende adfærd, adaption, adfærdsregulerende responser


Denne artikel præsenterer et studie af en type af gentagende adfærd, nemlig forskellige varianter af spørgsmålet: ”Hvad må vi så gøre?”. Spørgsmålet stilles af den samme demente borger gentagne gange i løbet af en eftermiddag i fællesrummet på et plejehjem i samspil med plejepersonale og besøgende. Studiet baseres på data i form af feltnoter samt videooptagelser af interaktioner der foregår i et fællesrum på et demensafsnit på et dansk plejehjem over en periode på i alt 9 måneder. Vi bruger etnometodologisk konversationsanalyse (EMCA) til at undersøge hvordan borgeren selv forsøger at løse sproglige, kognitive og sociale udfordringer ved at tage initiativ til handling med denne spørgsmålstype, og hvordan dette initiativ bliver responderet på af plejepersonale og besøgende. Derigennem peger vi på hvordan gentagende adfærd ikke nødvendigvis blot skal ses som et sygdomstegn der måtte kalde på såkaldte adfærdsregulerende responser fra omgivelserne, men som borgerens brug af sine tilbageværende ressourcer til at udføre forskelligartede handlinger i disse kontekster.


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Andersen, E. M., Rasmussen, G., & Kristiansen, E. D. (2018). ”Hvad må vi så gøre?”: Repetitive spørgsmål og adfærdsregulerende responser i interaktion med en person med demens. NyS, Nydanske Sprogstudier, 1(54), 33–63. https://doi.org/10.7146/nys.v1i54.98689