Den sociale konstruktion af uvidenhed: en medlemskabskategoriseringsanalyse (MCA) af samskabelsen af identiteter, når ældre svagsynede borgere møder ny teknologi


  • Brian L. Due
  • Ann Merrit Rikke Nielsen
  • Savi D. Jakobsen



EM/CA, MCA, identitet, blinde og svagsynede, teknologi, medlemskabskategoriseringsanalyse, videoetnografi




Antaki, C. & S. Widdicombe. 2008. Identity as an achievement and as a tool. C. Antaki & S. Widdicombe (red.), Identities in talk, 1–14. London. SAGE Publications Ltd. DOI:

Antaki, C. & R. Wilkinson. 2012. Conversation analysis and the study of atypical populations. The handbook of conversation analysis. 533–550. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. DOI:

Benwell, B. & E. Stokoe. 2006. Discourse and identity. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Due, B.L. 2017. Multimodal interaktionsanalyse og videoetnografisk dataindsamling. København: Samfundslitteratur.

Due, B.L., S.B. Lange, M.F. Nielsen, T.L.W. Toft, J. Landgrebe, R. Nielsen & L. Sassert. 2019. Den andens ansigt: Afdækning af deltagerorientering via multimodal interaktionsanalyse. NyS, Nydanske Sprogstudier 56. 10–51. DOI:

Foucault, M. 1979. The history of sexuality. London: Allen Lane.

Garfinkel, H. 1967. Studies in ethnomethodology. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Garfinkel, H. & H.L. Sacks. 1970. On formal structures of practical actions. J.C. McKinney & E.A. Tiryakian (red.), Theoretical sociology: Perspectives and developments, 338–366. New York: Appleton Century Crofts.

Goffman, E. 1955. On face-work an analysis of ritual elements in social interaction. Psychiatry 18(3). 213–231.

Goffman, E. 1964. The neglected situation. American Anthropologist 66(6). 133–136.

Goffman, E. 1971. Relations in public: Microstudies of the public order. New York: Harper and Row.

Goodwin, C. 1979. The interactive construction of a sentence in natural conversation. G. Psathas (red.) Everyday language: Studies in ethnomethodology, 97–121. New York: Irvington Publishers.

Goodwin, C. & M.H. Goodwin. 2005. Participation. A. Duranti (red.), A companion to linguistic anthropology. Hoboken: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Groeber, S. & S.P. Doehler. 2012. Hearing impaired adolescents in a regular classroom: On the embodied accomplishment of participation and understanding. M. Egbert & A. Deppermann (red.), Hearing aids communication integrating social interaction, audiology and user centered design to improve communication with hearing loss and hearing technologies, 76-89. Mannheim: Verlag für Gesprächsforschung.

Guner, H. & C. Acarturk. 2020. The use and acceptance of ICT by senior citizens: A comparison of technology acceptance model (TAM) for elderly and young adults. Universal Access in the Information Society 19(2). 311–330. DOI:

Heath, C., J. Hindmarsh, & P. Luff. 2010. Video in qualitative research. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications Ltd.

Heinemann, T. 2010. The question response system of Danish. Journal of Pragmatics 42(10). 2703–2725.

Heritage, J. 2008. Conversation analysis as social theory. B. Turner (red.), The new Blackwell companion to social theory, 300–320. Oxford: Blackwell.

Heritage, J. 2012. Epistemics in action: Action formation and territories of knowledge. Research on Language and Social Interaction 45(1). 1–29. DOI:

Heritage, J. 2013. Epistemics. J. Sidnell & T. Stivers (red.), The handbook of conversation analysis, 370–394. Hoboken: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

Hester, S. & P. Eglin. 1997. Culture in action: Studies in membership categorization analysis. International Institute for Ethnomethodology and Conversation Analysis & University Press of America.

Horton, S. 2007. Topic generation in aphasia language therapy sessions: Issues of identity. Aphasiology 21(3). 283–298. DOI:

Housley, W. & R. Fitzgerald. 2009. Membership categorization, culture and norms in action. Discourse & Society 20(3). 345–362.

Hutchby, I. 2002. Resisting the incitement to talk in child counselling: Aspects of the utterance `I don’t know’. Discourse Studies 4(2). 147–168. DOI:

Hyvärinen, M. & R. Watanabe. 2017. Dementia, positioning and the narrative self. Style 51(3). 337–356. DOI:

Jefferson, G. 2004. Glossary of transcript symbols with an introduction. G.H. Lerner (red.), Conversation Analysis: Studies from the first generation, 13–31. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

Krummheuer, A.L. 2016. Who am I? What are you? Identity construction in encounters between a teleoperated robot and people with acquired brain injury. A. Agah, J.-J. Cabibihan, A.M. Howard, M.A. Salichs & H. He (red.), Social robotics, 880–889. Springer International Publishing. DOI:

Macedo, I.M. 2017. Predicting the acceptance and use of information and communication technology by older adults: An empirical examination of the revised UTAUT2. Computers in Human Behavior 75. 935–948. DOI:

Maynard, D.W. 2006. Cognition on the ground. Discourse Studies 8(1). 105–115. DOI:

Menéndez Álvarez-Dardet, S. B., L. Lorence & J. Pérez-Padilla. 2020. Older adults and ICT adoption: Analysis of the use and attitudes toward computers in elderly Spanish people. Computers in Human Behavior 110, 106377. DOI:

Mondada, L. 2014. The local constitution of multimodal resources for social interaction. Journal of Pragmatics 65. 137–156. DOI:

Mondada, L. 2019a. Transcribing silent actions: A multimodal approach of sequence organization. Social Interaction. Video-Based Studies of Human Sociality 2(1). DOI:

Mondada, L. 2019b. Contemporary issues in conversation analysis: Embodiment and materiality, multimodality and multisensoriality in social interaction. Journal of Pragmatics 145. 47–62. DOI:

Näslund, S. 2017. Age ascription as a resource and a source of resistance – An interactional study of health professionals’ castings of patients into the category ‘old.’ Journal of Aging Studies 41. 28–35. DOI:

Pirhonen, J., H. Ojala, K., Lumme-Sandt & I. Pietilä. 2016. “Old but not that old”: Finnish community-dwelling people aged 90+ negotiating their autonomy. Ageing and Society 36(8). 1625–1644. DOI:

Psathas, G. 1999. Studying the organization in action: Membership categorization and interaction analysis. Human Studies 22(2). 139–162.

Rasmussen, G. 2013. That’s my story! Resisting disabling processes in a therapeutic activity. Journal of Interactional Research in Communication Disorders 4(2). 273–298.

Rawls, A.W. (red.). 2019. Harold Garfinkel, Parsons’ primer. Berlin: Springer Nature. DOI:

Raymond, G. & J. Heritage. 2006. The epistemics of social relations: Owning grandchildren. Language in Society 35(5). 677–705. DOI:

Róin, Á. 2014. Embodied ageing and categorisation work amongst retirees in the Faroe Islands. Journal of Aging Studies 31. 83–92. DOI:

Sacks, H.L. 1972. On the analyzability of stories by children. J.J. Gumperz & D. Hymes (red.), Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication, 325–345. New York: Rinehart & Winston.

Sacks, H.L. 1989. Lecture Six: The M.I.R. membership categorization device. Human Studies 12(3). 271–281.

Sacks, H.L. 1992. Lectures 1964–1965 an introduction/memoir, Lectures on conversation (1). Introduction by Emanuel A. Schegloff. G. Jefferson (red.). Cambridge: Blackwell.

Sacks, H.L., E.A. Schegloff & G. Jefferson. 1974. A simplest systematics for the organization of turn-taking for conversation. Language 50(4). 696–735.

Schegloff, E.A. 1968. Sequencing in conversational openings. American Anthropologist 70(6). 1075–1095.

Schegloff, E.A. 2007a. Sequence organization in interaction: A primer in Conversation Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Schegloff, E.A. 2007b. A tutorial on membership categorization. Journal of Pragmatics 39(3). 462–482. DOI:

Smith, R.J., R. Fitzgerald & W. Housley. 2020. On Sacks: Methodology, materials, and inspirations. London: Routledge.

Stevanovic, M. 2021. Deontic authority and the maintenance of lay and expert identities during joint decision making: Balancing resistance and compliance. Discourse Studies 23(5). 670–689. DOI:

Stevanovic, M. & A. Peräkylä. 2012. Deontic authority in interaction: The right to announce, propose, and decide. Research on Language & Social Interaction 45(3). 297–321. DOI:

Stevanovic, M. & J. Svennevig. 2015. Introduction: Epistemics and deontics in conversational directives. Journal of Pragmatics 78. 1–6. DOI:

Stokoe, E. 2012. Moving forward with membership categorization analysis: Methods for systematic analysis. Discourse Studies 14(3). 277–303.

Streeck, J., C. Goodwin & C. LeBaron. 2011. Embodied interaction: Language and body in the material world. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Venkatesh, V. & F.D. Davis. 2000. A theoretical extension of the technology acceptance model: Four longitudinal field studies. Management Science 46(2). 186–204. DOI:

Venkatesh, V., M.G. Morris, G.B. Davis & F.D. Davis 2003. User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view. MIS Quarterly 27(3). 425–478. DOI:

Wilkinson, R. 2019. A typical interaction: Conversation analysis and communicative impairments. Research on Language and Social Interaction 52(3). 281–299. DOI:

Woll, A. & T. Bratteteig, 2019. A trajectory for technology-supported elderly care work. Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) 28(1). 127–168. DOI:

Zimmerman, D.H. 1998. Identity, context and interaction. C. Antaki & S. Widdicombe (red.), Identities in talk. London: SAGE Publications.

Zimmerman, D.H. 2008. Identity, context and interaction. C. Antaki & S. Widdicombe (red.), Identities in talk, 88–106. London: SAGE Publications Ltd. DOI:





Due, B. L., Nielsen, A. M. R., & Jakobsen, S. D. (2022). Den sociale konstruktion af uvidenhed: en medlemskabskategoriseringsanalyse (MCA) af samskabelsen af identiteter, når ældre svagsynede borgere møder ny teknologi. NyS, Nydanske Sprogstudier, 1(61), 9–39.